电子大神的日记本,供应链专家的功夫茶盘,在这里记录、分享与共鸣。

登录以开始

DOS下BIOS中断INT13H、IO端口直接编程读取IDE、SATA硬盘的参数和TC语言程序6

(3)分析得到的数据

 

DOS下运行:  ahci1 F7906000 0

得到如下结果:

 

tablebuff  SEG=1870   OFF=0000    FLAT ADDR=00018700

databuff  SEG=18A4   OFF=0000    FLAT ADDR=00018A40

COMMAND HEADER in hex is:

05 00 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 87 01 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

COMMAND TABLE in hex is:

27 80 EC 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

40 8A 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 E7 03 00 80

 

 

HBA addr=F7906000H  PORT addr=F7906100H

 

HBA MEM in hex is:

45 FF 30 CF 00 00 00 80 00 00 00 00 05 00 00 00

00 03 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 02 00 60 01

00 00 01 07 04 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

78 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

03 1E 31 00 1F 00 00 00 C0 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

分析如下:

45 FF 30 CF  

1100 1111   0011 0000       1111 1111      0100 0101

                                                 支持6个口

                                 支持32个SLOT

            支持6Gbps

 

00 00 00 80

10000000 00000000 00000000 000000  0  0

AHCI已激活

                                   总中断使能=0

                                      未复位

 

00 00 00 00

各口没有中断产生

 

05 00 00 00

00000000 00000000 000000 00000101

                              第0、第2口有接设备

 

00 03 01 00      00 00 00 00        00 00 00 00      02 00 60 01

版本号1.3.0     不支持CCC功能      CCC口        

 

 

00 00 01 07      04 00 00 00   00 00 00 00    00 00 00 00

不支持PM功能    扩展功能      控制权空闲

 

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

以下是VENDOR自己的东东:

78 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

03 1E 31 00 1F 00 00 00 C0 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

 

PORT MEM in hex is:

00 DC 09 00 00 00 00 00 00 E0 09 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 06 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

50 00 00 00 01 01 00 00 23 01 00 00 00 03 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

分析如下:

00 DC 09 00   00 00 00 00    00 E0 09 00   00 00 00 00

CML地址                     接收FIS地址

 

00 00 00 00     00 00 00 00    06 00 00 00      00 00 00 00

IS无中断事件   中断使能=0    不支持POD,SUD

                              不是APAPI设备

                              command list未运行

                              不接收FIS!!

                              不处理COMMAND LIST!!

 

50 00 00 00              01 01 00 00      23 01 00 00               00 03 00 00

TFD,无ERR,无DRQ,无BSY                 当前速度是2               不限速,不切换到其它电源状态

ERR=5                                    PxSSTS.DET = 3设备已连接  

 

00 00 00 00      00 00 00 00           00 00 00 00         00 00 00 00

SERR无错误      用于“原生队列命令”   CI未占用SLOT       用于Port Multiplier

                 SACT未占用SLOT       

 

00 00 00 00             00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

用于Port Multiplier    保留

 

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

另外,接SSD硬盘的PORT2的MEM如下:

00 DC 09 00 00 00 00 00 00 E0 09 00 00 00 00 00

CML地址                     接收FIS地址   ---与PORT0是一样的地址!!!

 

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 06 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 ---与PORT0数据一样

50 00 00 00 01 01 00 00 23 01 00 00 00 03 00 00 ---与PORT0数据一样

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 ---与PORT0数据一样

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

HAVE COPY COMMAND HEADER TO SLOT0 

 

HAVE SET PxCMD.FRE  

PxCMD is 00004016         --0100 0000 0001 0110 FRE设为1后,FR也变成1了

 

HAVE SET PxCMD.ST   

PxCMD is 0000C017         --1100 0000 0001 0111 ST设为1后,CR也变成1了

 

data buff in hex is:  读出硬盘的512字节数据如下:

5A 04 FF 3F 37 C8 10 00 00 00 00 00 3F 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 20 20 20 20 20 20 32 4A 38 31 30 30

33 35 41 45 55 54 44 4E 03 00 00 40 04 00 45 4A

4F 44 36 41 41 30 69 48 61 74 68 63 20 69 54 48

35 53 37 34 36 35 41 34 45 39 38 33 20 34 20 20

20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 10 80

00 40 00 2F 00 40 00 02 00 02 07 00 FF 3F 10 00

3F 00 10 FC FB 00 10 01 FF FF FF 0F 00 00 07 00

03 00 78 00 78 00 78 00 78 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 1F 00 06 17 00 00 5E 00 40 00

FC 01 28 00 6B 74 69 7D 63 61 69 74 49 BC 63 61

7F 20 51 00 52 00 80 40 FE FF 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 B0 82 85 4A 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 03 60 6C 82 00 50 A6 CC E1 3E EB 17

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 18 40

18 40 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

29 00 0B 00 00 00 00 00 82 21 F1 1C 00 FA 00 00

00 40 00 04 08 01 00 00 00 00 04 0A 04 0A 03 0A

05 0A 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

33 44 36 44 00 00 04 29 00 00 AD 5D 18 25 00 80

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

03 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 3D 00 00 00

00 00 00 40 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 18 15 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 1F 10 21 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 01 00 E0 03 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 A5 4C

 

分析如下:每个WORD都是高字节在后 (参见ATA-7标准,EC命令)

(WORD0)5A 04

FF 3F       柱面总个数=16383

37 C8

10 00       磁头总个数=16

00 00 00 00 每磁道所含的字节数,每扇区所含的字节数

3F 00       每磁道所含的扇区总个数=63            

             即:16383×16×63=16514064扇区,8455200768字节,即8.4G的硬盘

                与“INT 13H扩展”报告的是一样的

00 00 00 00

00 00   

 

(WORD10)20 20 20 20 20 20 32 4A 38 31 30 30 33 35 41 45 55 54 44 4E    

序列号20字节ASCII     内存中排列是2J810035AEUTDN,真实是J2180053EATUND

                即每个WORD是高字节在后,但多个WORD的排列顺序是从前到后的

 

03 00 00 40     硬盘缓冲区容量

04 00   ECC校验码的长度

 

45 4A 4F 44 36 41 41 30    软体版本号8字节ASCII   内存中排列是EJOD6AA0 ,真实是JEDOA60A

         

69 48 61 74 68 63 20 69 54 48 35 53 37 34 36 35 41 34 45 39 38 33 20 34 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20       硬盘型号40字节ASCII

 

(WORD47)10 80

00 40

00 2F capabilities

00 40 capabilities

00 02 00 02 obsolete

07 00

FF 3F 10 00

3F 00 10 FC FB 00

10 01

(WORD60)FF FF FF 0F   Total number of user addressable sectors  (扇区数,用于LBA28位寻址时用的)

                      The maximum value that shall be placed in this field is 0FFFFFFFh

 

00 00

(WORD63)07 00

03 00

78 00

78 00

78 00

78 00

00 00 00 00

(WORD71)00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

1F 00 = 0001 1111

06 17

00 00

5E 00

40 00

(WORD80)FC 01   Major version number  0000 0001 1111 1100

28 00    Minor version number

6B 74

 

(WORD83 )69 7D     bit 10 word 83 为1时,indicates support for 48-bit addressing

 

63 61 69 74 49 BC 63 61

(WORD88)7F 20 51 00 52 00 80 40 FE FF 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

(WORD100) B0 82 85 4A 00 00 00 00 Maximum user LBA for 48-bit Address feature set(扇区总数,用于LBA48位寻址用的)

      //值比最大LBA再多1,LBA是从0开始的,故这里的值就是扇区总数,与AIDA检测一致

      //= 1250263728 *512= 640GB

 

00 00 00 00

(WORD106)03 60   Physical sector size / Logical Sector Size

         =01(有效)  1(1个物理扇区有多个逻辑扇区)0(words117-118无效,逻辑扇区是512字节) 0000 0000 0011

                       8 logical sector per physical sector,即1个物理扇区是8个逻辑扇区(4KB)

                       即产生4KB对齐的问题

 

6C 82 00 50 A6 CC E1 3E EB 17   World wide name

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

(WORD117)00 00 00 00   Logical Sector Size  这里无效

 

18 40

18 40 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

29 00 0B 00 00 00 00 00 82 21 F1 1C 00 FA 00 00

00 40 00 04 08 01 00 00 00 00 04 0A 04 0A 03 0A

05 0A 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

33 44 36 44 00 00 04 29 00 00 AD 5D 18 25 00 80

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

03 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

(WORD176)00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  Current media serial number

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

(WORD200)00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 3D 00 00 00

00 00 00 40 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 18 15 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 1F 10 21 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 01 00 E0 03 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

(WORD240)00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

(WORD248)00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 A5 4C

 

再读HBA MEM:

READing. source addr=F7906000  dest addr=00017B08

now 256 byte data in hex is:

45 FF 30 CF 00 00 00 80 00 00 00 00 05 00 00 00     ――内容都没有变化

00 03 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 02 00 60 01

00 00 01 07 04 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

78 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

03 1E 31 00 1F 00 00 00 C0 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

再读PORT0 MEM:

READing. source addr=F7906100  dest addr=00017B08

now 256 byte data in hex is:

00 DC 09 00 00 00 00 00      00 E0 09 00 00 00 00 00

 

02 00 00 00          00 00 00 00    17 C0 00 00           00 00 00 00

IS有事件                            1100 0000 0001 0111

PIO Setup FIS Interrupt              CR=1,FR=1,FRE=1,ST=1

即收到PIO包

 

50 00 00 00           01 01 00 00      23 01 00 00       00 03 00 00

TFD,无ERR,无DRQ,无BSY

0101 0000

ERR=5

 

00 00 00 00    00 00 00 00    00 00 00 00    00 00 00 00

SERR无错误                    CI为0

 

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

 

再读COMMAND LIST:

READing. source addr=0009DC00  dest addr=00017B08

now 256 byte data in hex is:

05 00 01 00  00 02 00 00          00 87 01 00   00 00 00 00

             显示已传输512字节 

 

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

 

再读COMMAND TABLE: 原来的CFIS已经被冲掉了

READing. source addr=00018700  dest addr=00017B08

now 256 byte data in hex is:

30 20 30 30 20 30 30 20 30 30 20 0A 30 30 20 30

30 20 30 30 20 30 30 20 30 30 20 30 30 20 30 30

20 30 30 20 30 30 20 30 30 20 30 30 20 30 30 20

30 30 20 30 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

40 8A 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 E7 03 00 80    ――没有变化

 

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

 

 

 

一、    总结

以上程序均在TC3.0下编译成功,DOS下运行。

这个工程花了我1个月左右的空闲时间,虽然只研究出皮毛,但还好程序读取成功了。希望有所帮助。

程序主要用于直接访问AHCI控制器,进而访问SATA硬盘来获取硬盘参数。

得出的结论是:

直接IO读出的硬盘参数,与“INT13H扩展”报告的参数是一致的,所以就用“INT13H扩展”就可以了,除非要获得硬盘型号、序列号等信息。

“INT13H传统”报告的HCS有经过转换,与分区表的参数是一致的。

如果是读写SATA硬盘的扇区,直接就用BIOS的“INT13H扩展”中断就可以了。

AHCI规范实在太复杂了,很多没看懂。不深入研究了,结束。

 

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